Taking the Misery Out of Revision: the RAYL method

Keep Calm and Start Revising

So this is another technique discussed in Dr Richard Palmer’s splendid book, Studying for Success. He calls it Review As You Learn (RAYL) and promises that it will take the misery out of revision. I will try to explain the technique as concisely as possible; if you want a fuller account and more priceless tips, get the book!

Essentially, says Dr Palmer, most students look dreadful at the exam hall – “pasty and drained, with bloodshot eyes and trembling hands” – and why? Because they’ve had to cram a year’s work or more into two months. The problem is a lack of long-term memory (LTM) of what you have learned in school. When exams draw near, you dig up your old materials and find that you have to do much more than just revise (the re-perusal of familiar material) – you need to learn from scratch because a lot of the stuff is no longer familiar to you.


So the secret is to Review As You Learn, “an immensely important principle” according to Dr Palmer. A key premise of this is:

The likelihood of remembering something is in direct proportion to the number of times it is used or studied.

This is why you probably find it quite easy to remember your ID number, your phone number or the lyrics to an overplayed song. Thus, the key to transferring content from short-term to long-term memory is repetition: a constant and regular review of past work. Figure 3.4 shows a suggested series of intervals at which to revisit past material. By your sixth return to the content, it should be firmly lodged in your LTM.


Dr Palmer stresses that this should not take much time: as little as ten minutes a day. Provided you concentrate properly for those ten minutes, such review can be done at the end of an evening’s work or at any fallow time.

It is exemplary time management. Invest these little bits of time on a consistent basis, and when it’s time to revise for exams again you will find it so much more comfortable. All or most of the material will look familiar to you, and you can quickly recap and reinforce. Moreover, you would have had months for it to ferment and synthesize in your mind. Chances are your understanding and appreciation of the material would have grown, and you would have developed deeper insight into it.

Happy Revision!


Website owner Steven Ooi, a First Class Honours grad from the National University of Singapore, retired from a distinguished 14-year career as an English and GP tutor in 2016. He continues to blog on issues of concern to GP and student life.

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About gptuitionsg

A dedicated English and GP tutor with First Class Honours from the National University of Singapore, Steven Ooi retired from the profession after a 14-year career during which he was one of the most sought-after private tutors in Singapore. He is the recipient of the Minerva Prize from NUS, which is awarded to the top English Language honours student of each cohort. This website, which has consistently ranked among the top 10 on Google and has received over 530,000 hits, has now been converted into a GP resource site cum listing of recommended tutors. If you are a GP or English tutor who wishes to be listed here, please email Steven Ooi at stevenooi18 @ yahoo.com (remove the spaces). Interested parties will be assessed and interviewed by him, and qualifications will be checked. These procedures are necessary to uphold quality standards. DISCLAIMER: While every reasonable effort has been made to assess the competence and verify the qualifications of recommended tutors here, no guarantees are made and you engage them at your own risk. By using this website, you agree that you will not hold the webmaster Steven Ooi responsible for any consequences — direct or otherwise — that occur in relation with your use of this website.
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